People work in management jobs at many different levels in an organization. You may qualify for a management level job, but you will need to understand the different management levels. The duties and responsibilities vary at each of these management levels. The number of levels depends on the size, culture, industry, and stage of development of the company. Listed below are some of the management levels common in US business
For many people, their first management level job is as a supervisor. The supervisor is a first level management job. This individual is responsible for a small group of people, usually doing the same job or very similar jobs. Typically the supervisor has significant experience doing the work of the individuals they supervise. The supervisor usually handles work assignments, timekeeping and problem solving. He or she is responsible for quality, motivation, and training. The individual at this management level usually has very little discretion he or she usually reports to a manager.
Some people do not consider project management a management level. That's why project managers usually do not attend managers’ meetings. However they perform many of the same functions as other managers. In several industries is a common first management job. A project manager does not have direct/line responsibility for the employees assigned to the project. Rather the project manager is a matrix manager
. A project manager is responsible for the planning, organizing, directing, and monitoring management functions, but usually in partnership with line managers
on the other axis of the matrix. The project manager is responsible for quality, schedule, and budget, but not for the people related functions like training and discipline. A project manager usually reports to a manager, director, or vice president of project management although they can report to any manager in the hierarchy.
A manager may be a first level manager who supervises employees directly or a second level manager who manages supervisors. The size of the company usually determines which. The duties and responsibilities of a first line manager are similar to those of a supervisor although the manager generally has more personnel responsibility, more HR responsibility, and more discretion. He or she usually supervises a small group of employees doing the same or similar work. The manager usually has approximately 1 to 3 years of experience. Managers typically report to senior managers, directors, vice presidents, or owners.
Some organizations have positions with the title of Senior Manager. The duties and responsibilities of a senior manager are essentially the same as those of a manager. They are responsible for the administrative and functional direction of a group of employees. They generally have more discretion and greater financial authority than other managers. Often, this title just indicates a person who has been in the job longer than their peers. Sometimes it is because they have responsibility to guide or train other managers. On rare occasions, they actually supervise a group of managers.
A general manager supervises more than one function and often supervises all the functions of a company by supervising the managers of those functions. The general manager has wide latitude and a lot of discretionary authority. He or she has considerable financial responsibility and usually has P&L responsibility
for the company or a large segment of it. The general manager generally is also the hiring authority
for the company, although he/she may also delegate that authority to subordinate managers.
Other Management Levels
Organizations, especially larger ones, have other management levels and titles that don't actually have the title "manager" in them. For a description of those titles and their responsibilities, read Senior Management Level Jobs