You can do a variety of exercises or play a variety of sports as team builders. Some people are concerned about using sports for team building, but I have built successful exercises around golf, even for non-golfers.
The SetupYou need to select the style of play, pick an appropriate location, set the rules and start getting people excited about it.
Style of PlayUsually, your team will consist of people with very different golfing skill levels. Differing skill levels occur every day on the job, so this kind of team building exercise is appropriate. To accommodate the varying skill levels of your team members, I recommend playing a Scramble, or more accurately Scramble Stroke.
In a scramble, team members all hit each shot. They then decide which is the best shot and then all team members hit the next shot from that spot. This continues until the ball is in the hole. Stroke play counts the number of times the team hits the ball. The team with the lowest total wins.
This style of play lets each team member contribute where they can. It helps everyone on the team feel like they are contributing, which is the same spirit you are trying to build at the workplace. You may find some of your better golfers hitting the best drives, but some of the newbies or non-golfers may turn out to be good at putting or chipping. At one event, my assistant, who had never picked up a golf club before that day, was hitting her drives about 10-15 yards. Seldom were they straight and her team didn't actually use any of them as the best ball. However, she had an amazing "touch" on the green and sank two putts over 30 feet in length.
LocationPicking an appropriate location for the golfing team building exercise is very important. Many golf courses don't like non-golfers on the course. Some even prohibit it. Don't try to set this up at the country club or the nicest public course. Instead, try to find a municipal course or a small private course. You want one that has short holes and nine-hole courses are sufficient. (It would take too long for a group of any size to finish 18 holes and it can be tiring if you aren't used to it.)
In addition to the course itself, consider club rentals, practice facilities, restaurant or banquet space, and meeting rooms. Non-golfers will need a few clubs. Usually a rental set of clubs can even be split between two non-golfers as long as there are enough bags and putters. If the location chosen has a driving range and/or a putting green, the golfers can "tune-up" and the non-golfers can be taught some basics. If you want to include lunch before the match or dinner afterwards, you will need a place that serves food. Finally, you will need a meeting room so you can present the awards after the event and reinforce the team building. Many courses have activity directors who can work with you to make all the arrangements.
RulesUsually the fewer rules the better. Sometimes scramble golf is played that each player on the team has to contribute at least 1-2 drives and 1-2 putts. This is to keep one good golfer on the team from hitting all the "best ball" shots for their team while their team members just watch. Unless you have low-handicap golfers, I usually don't find it necessary.
Put someone in each group who understands the rules of golf and course etiquette. They can keep the group moving. Set a maximum number of strokes per hole (usually 2-3 over par) so no group gets bogged down on a bad hole. Keep each team at or under four players if possible and make sure everyone has their own clubs and bag. Sharing equipment slows down play too much.